Covid-19 Response Fund

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Information Note

The WHO coronavirus (COVID-19) dashboard presents official daily counts of COVID-19 cases, deaths and vaccine utilisation reported by countries, territories and areas. Through this dashboard, we aim to provide a frequently updated data visualization, data dissemination and data exploration resource, while linking users to other useful and informative resources.

Caution must be taken when interpreting all data presented, and differences between information products published by WHO, national public health authorities, and other sources using different inclusion criteria and different data cut-off times are to be expected. While steps are taken to ensure accuracy and reliability, all data are subject to continuous verification and change. All counts are subject to variations in case detection, definitions, laboratory testing, vaccination strategy, and reporting strategies. Other important considerations are highlighted under the respective Data Sources below.

The designations employed and the presentation of these materials do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement.

[1] All references to Kosovo should be understood to be in the context of the United Nations Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).

[2] A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

Data for Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba have been disaggregated and displayed at the subnational level.

Weekend updates: Starting 19 June 2021, daily counts of COVID-19 confirmed cases and deaths reported to WHO headquarters on Saturdays and Sundays will be updated on this dashboard on the following Monday. Data will continue to be attributed to the day of initial reporting to avoid artificial spikes in case and death incidence. Given continued and increasing volatility in daily count data, we continue to encourage all users to prioritize weekly counts and long term trends (over several weeks) as a more reliable measure of COVID-19 epidemiological activity and trends within countries/territories/areas, and at regional and global levels. Saturday and Sunday daily case and death counts may continue to be accessed via WHO Regional Office dashboards until further notice (please see links under ‘Other Resources’ below).

Case and death count data

From the 31 December 2019 to the 21 March 2020, WHO collected the numbers of confirmed COVID-19 cases and deaths through official communications under the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005), complemented by monitoring the official ministries of health websites and social media accounts. Since 22 March 2020, global data are compiled through WHO region-specific dashboards (see links below), and/or aggregate count data reported to WHO headquarters daily.

Counts primarily reflect laboratory-confirmed cases and deaths, based upon WHO case definitions; although some departures may exist due to local adaptations. Counts include both domestic and repatriated cases. Case detection, definitions, testing strategies, reporting practice, and lag times (e.g. time to case notification, and time to reporting of deaths) differ between countries, territories and areas. These factors, amongst others, influence the counts presented with variable under or overestimation of true case and death counts, and variable delays to reflecting these data at a global level.

All data represent date of reporting as opposed to date of symptom onset. All data are subject to continuous verification and may change based on retrospective updates to accurately reflect trends, changes in country case definitions and/or reporting practices. Significant data errors detected or reported to WHO may be corrected at more frequent intervals.

New case and death counts: Counts of new cases and deaths are calculated by subtracting previous cumulative total counts from the current count. These counts are updated incrementally throughout the day as more information becomes available. Daily new case and deaths counts are complete by 23:59 CET/CEST each day. Due to differences in reporting methods, cut-off times, retrospective data consolidation and reporting delays, the number of new cases may not always reflect daily totals published by individual countries, territories or areas. Due to the recent trend of countries conducting data reconciliation exercises which remove large numbers of cases or deaths from their total counts, such data may reflect as negative numbers in the new cases / new deaths counts as appropriate. This will aid users in identifying when such adjustments occur. When additional details become available that allow the subtractions to be suitably apportioned to previous days, data will be updated accordingly.

Current day counts, global epidemic curves and trends: Due to the incremental updates to the dashboard, global case and death counts visualised for the current day may reflect partial data until counts have been fully updated for all regions that day. This must be taken into consideration when interpreting global epidemic curves and trends.

Time stamps and updates: Time/date stamps reflect when the data was last updated by WHO. Due to the time required to process and validate the incoming data, there is a delay between reporting to WHO and the update of the dashboard. To account for different time zones across WHO Regions and data transmission methods, and improve the timeliness of data availability, updates to the global dashboard are applied three times per day.

Counts and corrections made after these times will be carried forward to the next reporting cycle for that specific region. Delayed reporting for any specific country, territory or area may result in pooled counts for multiple days being presented, with a retrospective update to counts on previous days to accurately reflect trends. Significant data errors detected or reported to WHO may be corrected at more frequent intervals.

Other: cases and deaths reported from international conveyances, included in global totals but not reflected in epidemiological curves as not associated with a country or region.

Rates: <0.001 per 100,000 population may be rounded to 0.

Transmission classification

Transmission classification is based on a process of country/territory/area self-reporting. Classifications are reviewed on a weekly basis and may be revised as new information becomes available. Differing degrees of transmission may be present within countries/territories/areas. For further information, please see: Considerations for implementing and adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19. WHO has defined four transmission scenarios for COVID-19:

  • No (active) cases: No new cases detected for at least 28 days (two times the maximum incubation period), in the presence of a robust surveillance system. This implies a near-zero risk of infection for the general population.

  • Imported / Sporadic cases: Cases detected in the past 14 days are all imported, sporadic (e.g. laboratory acquired or zoonotic) or are all linked to imported/sporadic cases, and there are no clear signals of further locally acquired transmission. This implies minimal risk of infection for the general population.

  • Clusters of cases: Cases detected in the past 14 days are predominantly limited to well-defined clusters that are not directly linked to imported cases, but which are all linked by time, geographic location and common exposures. It is assumed that there are a number of unidentified cases in the area. This implies a low risk of infection to others in the wider community if exposure to these clusters is avoided.

  • Community transmission: Which encompasses a range of levels from low to very high incidence, as described below and informed by a series of indicators described in the aforementioned guidance. As these subcategorization are not currently collated at the global level, but rather intended for use by national and sub-national public health authorities for local decision-making, community transmission has not been disaggregated in this dashboard.

    • CT1: Low incidence of locally acquired, widely dispersed cases detected in the past 14 days, with many of the cases not linked to specific clusters; transmission may be focused in certain population sub-groups. Low risk of infection for the general population.

    • CT2: Moderate incidence of locally acquired, widely dispersed cases detected in the past 14 days; transmission less focused in certain population sub-groups. Moderate risk of infection for the general population.

    • CT3: High incidence of locally acquired, widely dispersed cases in the past 14 days; transmission widespread and not focused in population sub-groups. High risk of infection for the general population.

    • CT4: Very high incidence of locally acquired, widely dispersed cases in the past 14 days. Very high risk of infection for the general population.

Vaccination data

We aim to provide weekly updates on vaccine introduction and administration by countries, territories and areas. These data are pooled from numerous sources, including direct reports from Member States, WHO review of publicly available official data, or data collated and published by third-party sites such as Our World in Data. Data published by third-party sites have not been validated by WHO, and WHO cannot comment on accuracy or completeness. Differences in counts are expected compared to other sources due to different inclusion criteria and data cut-off times.

Total administered doses, people vaccinated with at least one dose, and people fully vaccinated are cumulative totals since the start of vaccination in the respective country, through the latest data update. Total administered doses refers to single doses, and may not equal the total number of people vaccinated, depending on the specific dose regime (individuals receive multiple doses). Total doses administered per 100 population may exceed 100, for example when over half of the population receives both required vaccine doses under a two dose regime. Rates <0.001 per 100 population may be rounded to 0. Where multiple vaccines are used in a country/territory/area, the start date displayed is equivalent to start date of the first vaccine introduced. Suspensions (temporary or otherwise) of vaccination rollout are not taken into consideration.

The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers' vaccine products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the WHO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. Apart from limited exceptions, the names of proprietary products are distinguished by initial capital letters.

Population data

Estimated populations and projections are drawn from:

  • United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects 2019, Online Edition. Rev. 1 (2020 projections). Available online.

  • Eurostat. “Demo_pjan” (population as of 1 January by country, year, age and gender; last updated by Eurostat on 2021-02-12; last year of data: 2020). Available online.

  • National Statistics Office Malta. Available online.

  • The Government of the Pitcairn Islands. Available online.

  • Statistics Netherlands (CBS). Estimates of population for Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. Available online.

*Total population for France has been adjusted to account for the following overseas territories (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, Réunion, Saint Martin).

Data displayed in this dashboard are available for download as the following comma-separated values (CSV) files:

Daily cases and deaths by date reported to WHO

Download link: https://covid19.who.int/WHO-COVID-19-global-data.csv

Short field name TypeDescription
Date_reportedDateDate of reporting to WHO
Country_codeStringISO Alpha-2 country code
CountryStringCountry, territory, area
WHO_regionStringWHO regional offices: WHO Member States are grouped into six WHO regions -- Regional Office for Africa (AFRO), Regional Office for the Americas (AMRO), Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEARO), Regional Office for Europe (EURO), Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (EMRO), and Regional Office for the Western Pacific (WPRO).
New_casesIntegerNew confirmed cases. Calculated by subtracting previous cumulative case count from current cumulative cases count.*
Cumulative_casesIntegerCumulative confirmed cases reported to WHO to date.
New_deathsIntegerNew confirmed deaths. Calculated by subtracting previous cumulative deaths from current cumulative deaths.*
Cumulative_deathsIntegerCumulative confirmed deaths reported to WHO to date.

Users should note that, in addition to capturing new cases and deaths reported on any given day, updates are made retrospectively to correct counts on previous days as needed based on subsequent information received. See "Daily aggregate case and death count data" above for further details on the calculation of new cases/deaths.

Latest reported counts of cases and deaths, and transmission classification

Download link: https://covid19.who.int/WHO-COVID-19-global-table-data.csv

Field nameTypeDescription
NameStringCountry, territory, area
WHO_regionStringWHO Region
Cases - cumulative totalIntegerCumulative confirmed cases reported to WHO to date.
Cases - cumulative total per 100000 populationDecimalCumulative confirmed cases reported to WHO to date per 100,000 population.
Cases - newly reported in last 7 daysIntegerNew confirmed cases reported in the last 7 days. Calculated by subtracting previous cumulative case count (8 days prior) from current cumulative cases count.
Cases - newly reported in last 7 days per 100000 populationDecimalNew confirmed cases reported in the last 7 days per 100,000 population.
Cases - newly reported in last 24 hoursIntegerNew confirmed cases reported in the last 24 hours. Calculated by subtracting previous cumulative case count from current cumulative cases count.
Deaths - cumulative totalIntegerCumulative confirmed deaths reported to WHO to date.
Deaths - cumulative total per 100000 populationDecimalCumulative confirmed deaths reported to WHO to date per 100,000 population.
Deaths - newly reported in last 7 daysIntegerNew confirmed deaths reported in the last 7 days. Calculated by subtracting previous cumulative death count (8 days prior) from current cumulative deaths count.
Deaths - newly reported in last 7 days per 100000 populationDecimalNew confirmed deaths reported in the last 7 days per 100,000 population.
Deaths - newly reported in last 24 hoursIntegerNew confirmed deaths reported in the last 24 hours. Calculated by subtracting previous cumulative death count from current cumulative deaths count.
Transmission ClassificationStringTransmission classification. See data source notes above for definitions and related guidance.

Vaccination data

Download links: https://covid19.who.int/who-data/vaccination-data.csv

Field nameTypeDescription
COUNTRYStringCountry, territory, area
ISO3StringISO Alpha-3 country code
WHO_REGIONStringWHO regional offices: WHO Member States are grouped into six WHO regions: Regional Office for Africa (AFRO), Regional Office for the Americas (AMRO), Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEARO), Regional Office for Europe (EURO), Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (EMRO), and Regional Office for the Western Pacific (WPRO).
DATA_SOURCEStringIndicates data source: - REPORTING: Data reported by Member States, or sourced from official reports - OWID: Data sourced from Our World in Data: https://ourworldindata.org/covid-vaccinations
DATE_UPDATEDDateDate of last update
TOTAL_VACCINATIONSIntegerCumulative total vaccine doses administered
PERSONS_VACCINATED_1PLUS_DOSEDecimalCumulative number of persons vaccinated with at least one dose
TOTAL_VACCINATIONS_PER100IntegerCumulative total vaccine doses administered per 100 population
PERSONS_VACCINATED_1PLUS_DOSE_PER100DecimalCumulative persons vaccinated with at least one dose per 100 population
VACCINES_USEDStringCombined short name of vaccine: “Company - Product name” (see below)
FIRST_VACCINE_DATEDateDate of first vaccinations. Equivalent to start/launch date of the first vaccine administered in a country.
NUMBER_VACCINES_TYPES_USEDIntegerNumber of vaccine types used per country, territory, area

Vaccination metadata

Download link: https://covid19.who.int/who-data/vaccination-metadata.csv

Field nameTypeDescription
ISO3StringISO Alpha-3 country code
VACCINE_NAMEStringCombined short name of vaccine: “Company - Product name” (see below)
PRODUCT_NAMEStringName or label of vaccine product, or type of vaccine (if unnamed).
COMPANY_NAMEStringMarketing authorization holder of vaccine product.
FIRST_VACCINE_DATEDateDate of first vaccinations. Equivalent to start/launch date of the first vaccine administered in a country.
AUTHORIZATION_DATEDateDate vaccine product was authorised for use in the country, territory, area.
START_DATEDateStart/launch date of vaccination with vaccine type (excludes vaccinations during clinical trials).
END_DATEDateEnd date of vaccine rollout
COMMENTStringComments related to vaccine rollout
DATA_SOURCEStringIndicates data source - REPORTING: Data reported by Member States, or sourced from official reports - OWID: Data sourced from Our World in Data: https://ourworldindata.org/covid-vaccinations

© World Health Organization 2020, All rights reserved.

WHO supports open access to the published output of its activities as a fundamental part of its mission and a public benefit to be encouraged wherever possible. Permission from WHO is not required for the use of the WHO coronavirus disease (COVID-19) dashboard material or data available for download. It is important to note that:

  • WHO publications cannot be used to promote or endorse products, services or any specific organization.

  • WHO logo cannot be used without written authorization from WHO.

  • WHO provides no warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. In no event shall WHO be liable for damages arising from the use of WHO publications.

For further information, please visit WHO Copyright, Licencing and Permissions.

Suggested citation: WHO COVID-19 Dashboard. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2020. Available online: https://covid19.who.int/ (last cited: [date]).

For specific enquiries and feedback related to the WHO COVID-19 Dashboard and associated apps, please contact us at epi-data-support@who.int indicating ‘WHO Global COVID-19 Dashboard’ in the email subject line.

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